Jargon Buster

Group / Graded races

These races form the upper tier of the racing structure, with Group/Grade 1 the most important, followed by Group/Grade 2 and Group/Grade 3. Group races are run on the Flat; Graded races are run over jumps (the most important Flat races in the United Statesare also Graded).

Guineas (currency)

A guinea was one pound and one shilling (£1.05 in decimal currency) and, traditionally, the prices of horses sold at publicauction were given in guineas. Some sales companies still use guineas, though most have changed to pounds.

Guineas (race)

Shorthand for the 1,000 Guineasand/or 2,000 Guineas. A ‘Guineashorse’ is one that is considered capable of running in one of these Classic races.


Top gait for a horse – the speed they race at.


Training ground where horses are exercised. The major training centres in Britain are Newmarket and Malton (mostly Flat), and Lambourn (mostly Jump) with the Curragh in Ireland. Many trainers have private gallops of their own.


The national centre for information, advice and practical help with regard to the social impact of gambling .


The front section of the starting stalls, which open at the start of a Flat race to release the horses. Used as another term for starting stalls.


A male horse that has been castrated. Most male horses that compete over jumps have been gelded, and a Flat horse may be gelded. Geldings are not allowed to run in some of the top Flat races, such as the Derby, that are important for identifying potential breeding talent.

General Stud Book

Register of all thoroughbred horses, maintained by Weatherbys.

Get the trip

To stay the distance.


The condition of the racing surface. Ranges from heavy to firm.

Going down

When horses are on their way to the start.

Go through the card

To have the winner of every race at a race meeting, either as a trainer, jockey, tipster or punter.


Used to describe an immature or inexperienced horse.

Group 1 (Flat) / Grade 1 (jumps)

The highest category of race. The Classic Flat races in Britain, as well as other historic races such as the Gold Cup at Royal Ascot, are Group 1. The major championship races over jumps, such as the Cheltenham Gold Cup, are Grade 1.